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Tallaght Place Names
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The names of places in Tallaght have in many cases survived from medieval times, sometimes older, and these names provide an important link with those people who lived here before us. Most of these names were bestowed in the Gaelic era and their original Irish form has been changed in many ways in pronunciation and in spelling. It is often impossible to arrive at the original form of the name, and in many cases we cannot be sure as to the origin of the place name.
Names beginning with “bally”: from the Irish, “baile” meaning place, land or farm. Examples include:
Ballycragh: baile creagh = town of the preys;
Ballycullen: baile Uí Chiulín = O’Cullen’s town or place

Names beginning with “Kil” or “Kill”: from the Irish “cill” meaning a church. Examples include:
Kilnamanagh: Cill na Manaigh = church of the monks;
Killinarden: Cill an ardáin = church on the hill;
Kiltipper: Cill tiobar = church of the well;

Names ending with the word “town”: In medieval times the term “town” was normally used to refer to a farm. In Tallaght, the names Jobstown, Whitestown and Cookstown are examples of placenames where the first part of the word is a person’s name
Glenasmole: Gleann na Smól = glen of the thrushes;
Old Bawn: probably an old “bán”, which means grassland;
Bohernabreena: bother na brúine = road of the fairy hostel;
Belgard: bealach ard = the high pass

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